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Hepatic vein obstruction (Budd-Chiari)
Alternative namesBudd-Chiari syndrome
Hepatic vein obstruction refers to a blockage of the hepatic vein, which carries blood away from the liver.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Hepatic vein obstruction prevents blood from flowing out of the liver and back to the heart. This blockage can cause liver damage. Obstruction of this vein can be caused by masses pressing on the vessel ( tumor ) or by thrombus (clot) formation within the vessel.
Most often, it is caused by conditions which increase the body's propensity to form blood clots. These include:
Signs and tests
Treatment varies, depending on the cause of the obstruction, and may include the following:
ComplicationsHepatic vein obstruction can progress to liver failure, which can be fatal.
Calling your health care providerCall your health care provider if you have symptoms of hepatic vein obstruction or if you are undergoing treatment and any new symptoms develop.
Update Date: 10/27/2002Jenifer K. Lehrer, M.D., Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate Hospital, Philadelphia, PA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT