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Alternative namesCraniotomy; Surgery - brain; Neurosurgery
DefinitionBrain surgery treats lesions of the brain and its surrounding structures through an opening (craniotomy) in the skull (cranium).
The hair on part of the scalp is shaved. The scalp is cleansed and prepared for surgery. An incision is made through the scalp and a hole is drilled through the skull. A piece of the skull is removed (usually temporarily) and the surgery is performed, after which the bone is replaced and secured in place.
IndicationsBrain surgery may be needed to treat:
RisksRisks for any anesthesia are:
Expectations after surgeryThe results depend greatly on the underlying disease being treated, the general health of the patient, the extent of the procedure and the surgical techniques employed.
ConvalescenceThe recovery time varies from 1 to 4 weeks. Full recovery may take up to 8 weeks.
Update Date: 8/10/2003Elaine T. Kiriakopoulos, M.D, MSc, Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard University, Boston, MA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT