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Alternative namesStones - bladder; Urinary tract stones; Bladder calculi
DefinitionBladder stones are hard buildups of mineral located in the urinary bladder.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Bladder stones are usually the result of another urologic problem such as urinary tract infection , bladder diverticulum, neurogenic bladder , or an enlarged prostate . Approximately 95% of all bladder stones occur in men. Stones originating in the bladder are much less common than kidney stones .
Incontinence may also be associated with bladder stones.
Signs and tests
Drinking 6 to 8 glasses of water or more per day, enough to increase urinary output, may help the stones pass.
For patients with BPH and bladder stones, transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) can be performed with ESWL.
Most bladder stones are expelled or can be removed without permanent damage to the bladder. They may recur if the underlying cause is not corrected.
If the stones are left untreated they may cause permanent damage to the bladder and/or kidneys.
Calling your health care providerCall your health care provider if symptoms indicate that you may have bladder stones.
Prompt treatment of urinary tract infections or other urologic conditions may help prevent bladder stones.
Update Date: 5/25/2002Young Kang, M.D., Department of Urology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT