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Alternative namesBiopsy - bladder
DefinitionBladder biopsy involves the removal of a small piece of tissue from the bladder for examination.
How the test is performed
A bladder biopsy is usually performed as a part of a cystoscopy . If abnormalities of the bladder are found during this examination or if a tumor is visible, a small portion of tissue is removed and sent to the laboratory for analysis.
How to prepare for the test
You must sign an informed consent form before you undergo a bladder biopsy. Usually you are asked to urinate just prior to the procedure. You may also be asked to take an antibiotic prior to the procedure.
Infants and children:
How the test will feel
There may be slight discomfort as the cystoscope is passed through your urethra into your bladder. You will feel uncomfortable, similar to a strong urge to urinate, when the fluid has filled your bladder.
You may feel a pinch during the biopsy and a burning sensation when the blood vessels are cauterized (sealed to stop bleeding).
After the cystoscope is removed, your urethra may be sore and you may experience a burning sensation during urination for a day or two.
Why the test is performedThis test is most often performed to check for cancer of the bladder or urethra.
Normal ValuesThe bladder wall is smooth. The bladder is of a normal size, shape, and position. There are no obstructions , growths, or stones .
What abnormal results mean
The presence of carcinoma cells indicates bladder cancer. The type of cancer can be determined from the biopsy specimen.
What the risks areThere is some risk of urinary tract infection .
There is slight risk of excessive bleeding or rupturing of the bladder wall (with the cystoscope or during biopsy)
A small amount of blood is usually passed in the urine shortly after this procedure. If the bleeding continues after the third time you urinate, contact your health care provider.
Update Date: 10/28/2002David R. Knowles M.D., Department of Urology, New York-Presbyterian Hospital Columbia Campus, New York, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT