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Cystitis - noninfectious (acute urethral syndrome)
Alternative namesAn irritation of the bladder not caused by a urinary tract infection . Causes include radiation therapy to the pelvis area, chemotherapy with certain types of medications, and other irritants. Symptoms are similar to those caused by a urinary tract infection.
Diagnosis of a noninfectious cystitis is usually assumed when no (bacteria) can be identified as the cause of the symptoms.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Noninfectious cystitis is most common in women of childbearing years. The exact cause of noninfectious cystitis is often unknown. However, use of bubble baths, feminine hygiene sprays, sanitary napkins, and spermicidal jellies may be possible causes.
Additional symptoms that may be associated with this disease:
Signs and tests
A urinalysis may reveal red blood cells (RBC) and some white blood cells ( WBC ).
Treatment of noninfectious cystitis centers on management of symptoms rather than providing a cure.
Electrical stimulation to the pelvis can be used as a treatment for noninfectious cystitis, but this is controversial.
Expectations (prognosis)Although most cases of cystitis are uncomfortable, they usually resolve over time.
Calling your health care providerCall your health care provider if symptoms indicate that cystitis may be present, symptoms worsen, or new symptoms develop, especially fever , back or flank pain , and vomiting .
PreventionAvoid using items that may be irritants, such as bubble baths, feminine hygiene sprays, sanitary napkins or tampons (especially scented products), and spermicidal jellies. If you need to use such products, try to find those which do not cause irritation for you.
Update Date: 5/2/2002David R. Knowles M.D., Department of Urology, New York-Presbyterian Hospital Columbia Campus, New York, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT