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Neurofibromatosis 2

Alternative names

NF2; Bilateral Acoustic Neurofibromatosis (BAN); Central Bilateral Acoustic NF


Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) is a genetic disorder that causes tumors to form on the nerves of the central nervous system, in the brain, and on the spine.

See also neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1).

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

NF2 is inherited, and the main risk factor is having a family history of NF2. Inheritance is autosomal dominant . If a parent has NF2, the chances of a child having it are 50-50.


  • Hearing loss
  • Ringing and noises in the ears
  • Balance problems
  • Cataracts at a young age
  • Changes in vision
  • Headaches
  • Facial weakness
  • Coffee-colored marks on the skin

Signs and tests

Signs include:
  • Brain and spinal tumors
  • Acoustic tumors
  • Skin tumors

Tests include:

  • Physical examination
  • Medical history
  • MRI
  • Genetic testing


Most patients require surgery to remove tumors. Tumors also can be treated with radiation.

Support Groups

For information and support, see

For information and support, see

Update Date: 11/3/2003

Celeste Krauss, M.D., Board Certified Clinical Genetics, Clinical Cytogenetics and Pediatrics. Founding Fellow, American College of Medical Genetics. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.

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Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT