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Movement - uncontrolled or slow
Alternative namesDystonia; Involuntary slow and twisting movements; Choreoathetosis; Leg and arm movements - uncontrollable; Arm and leg movements - uncontrollable; Slow involuntary movements of large muscle groups; Athetoid movements
DefinitionUncontrolled or slow movement is defined as an impairment of the muscle tone (usually in large muscle groups), causing slow involuntary contractions of the head, limbs, trunk, or neck.
ConsiderationsThe slow sinuous twisting movements of muscles (athetosis) or sustained muscle contraction (dystonia) may be caused by a number of conditions, including cerebral palsy , encephalitis , drug side effects, hepatic encephalopathy , and Huntington's chorea .
The abnormal movement may be reduced or disappear during sleep, but it is worsened by emotional stress. Abnormal and sometimes grotesque postures may be a manifestation of these movements.
Home CareGet adequate sleep and avoid excessive stress. In severe cases, take safety measures to avoid injury. Follow prescribed therapy for treatment of the underlying cause.
Call your health care provider if
The medical history will be obtained and a physical examination performed.
Medical history questions documenting uncontrolled-slow movement in detail may include:
Diagnostic tests will be determined by the results of the history and physical exam findings.
After seeing your health care provider:
You may want to add a diagnosis related to uncontrollable slow movements to your personal medical record.
Update Date: 5/8/2003Elaine T. Kiriakopoulos, M.D., M.Sc., Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard University, Boston, MA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT