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Jimsonweed


Alternative names

Poisoning from sucking the flower nectar, eating the seeds, or drinking "tea" made from the leaves. The plant also is known as Jamestown weed, thorn apple, stinkweed, Datura, and moonflower.

Poisonous Ingredient

  • hyoscyamine
  • atropine
  • hyoscine (scopolamine)
Note: This list may not be all inclusive.

Where Found

  • The poison is found in all parts of the plant, especially the leaves and seeds. Note: This list may not be all inclusive.

Symptoms

  • body as a whole
    • thirst
    • headache
    • fever
    • dizziness
    • urinary retention
  • eyes, ears, nose, and throat
    • blurred vision
    • dry mouth
    • dilated pupils
  • skin
    • red skin
  • gastrointestinal
    • nausea
    • vomiting
  • heart and blood vessels
    • rapid pulse
    • elevated blood pressure
  • nervous system
    • hallucinations
    • convulsions
    • delirium
    • coma
    • death

Home Treatment

Do not induce vomiting unless instructed to do so by Poison Control or by a physician. Contact Poison Control Center for appropriate treatment.

Before Calling Emergency

Determine the following information:
  • the patient's age, weight, and condition
  • the name of the plant
  • the time it was swallowed
  • the amount swallowed

Poison Control, or a local emergency number

They will instruct you if it is necessary to take the patient to the hospital. See Poison Control centers for telephone numbers and addresses. Bring the plant with you to the emergency room.

What to expect at the emergency room

Some or all of the following procedures may be performed:
  • activated charcoal and a laxative may be administered
  • induce vomiting
  • gastric lavage
  • medications given to counteract the effects of the toxins
  • cool water sponge bath to decrease fever
  • monitor vital signs

Expectations (prognosis)

The prognosis (probable outcome)
  • Possible outcome depends on the amount consumed, the age of the individual, and the time elapsed prior to proper medical care being administered.
  • Symptoms last for 1-3 days and usually require hospitalization. Death is unlikely.

Update Date: 2/23/2004

Cherlin Johnson, M.D., Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.

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Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT
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