Please be patient! It may take up to ONE minute to load all the Engines.
Problems? Please contact our support.
Alternative namesNose bleeding
DefinitionA nosebleed is loss of blood from the mucous membranes that line the nose, most commonly from one nostril only.
Nosebleeds are very common. Most nosebleeds occur because of minor irritations or colds. The nose has an abundant supply of tiny blood vessels, which makes it easy for the nose to bleed. Air moving through the nose can dry and irritate the membranes lining the inside of the nose. The lining develops crusts that bleed when irritated by rubbing, picking, or blowing the nose.
The lining of the nose is more likley to become dry and irritated from low humidity and dry environment, allergic rhinitis , colds , or sinusitis . A deviated septum, foreign objects in the nose, or other nasal obstruction may cause also cause nosebleeds. A direct impact to the nose can also cause a nosebleed.
Most nosebleeds occur on the tip of the nasal septum, which contains many fragile, easily damaged blood vessels. More rarely, nosebleeds may occur higher on the septum or deeper in the nose. These higher or deeper nosebleeds may be harder to control.
Sometimes blood thinners such as Coumadin or aspirin may cause or worsen nosebleeds. Most nosebleeds begin on the septum -- the midline, vertical cartilage that separates the nasal chambers and is lined with fragile blood vessels. This form of nosebleed is not serious, and is usually easy to stop.
Sit down and gently squeeze the soft portion of the nose between your thumb and finger (so that the nostrils are closed) for about 5-10 minutes. Lean forward to avoid swallowing the blood and breathe through your mouth. Wait at least 5 minutes before checking if the bleeding has stopped. Almost all nose bleeds can be controlled in this way if sufficient time is allowed for the bleeding to stop.
It may help to apply cold compresses or ice across the bridge of the nose. DO NOT pack the inside of the nose with gauze.
Do NotLying down with a nose bleed is not recommended, and you should avoid sniffing or blowing your nose for several hours after a nosebleed.
Get emergency care if:
Call your doctor for an appointment if you or your child has repeated nosebleeds, particularly if they are becoming more frequent and if they are not associated with a cold or other minor irritation.
A cooler house and a vaporizer, to return humidity to the air, help many people with frequent nosebleeds. Nasal saline spray also can help prevent nosebleeds, especially during the winter months.
Update Date: 12/10/2003A.D.A.M. editorial. Previously reviewed by Ashutosh Kacker, M.D., Department of Otolaryngology, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network (1/21/2002).
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT