Please be patient! It may take up to ONE minute to load all the Engines.
Problems? Please contact our support.
Alternative namesAir around the lung; Air outside the lung
DefinitionA pneumothorax is collection of air or gas in the pleural space (the space surrounding the lungs). See also Spontaneous pneumothorax , traumatic pneumothorax , and tension pneumothorax .
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
There are several types of pneumothorax, which are classified by cause.
Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax is a complication of underlying pulmonary (lung) disease, such as COPD , asthma , cystic fibrosis , tuberculosis , and whooping cough .
Additional symptoms that may be associated with this disease:
Signs and testsStethoscope examination of the chest reveals decreased or absent breath sounds on the affected side.
The objective of treatment is to remove the air from the pleural space, allowing the lung to re-expand. Small pneumothoraces may resolve on their own.
Supplemental oxygen may be needed to help air around the lung be reabsorbed more quickly.
Expectations (prognosis)Up to 50% of patients with pneumothorax experience recurrence, but there are no long-term complications following successful therapy.
Calling your health care providerCall your health care provider if symptoms of pneumothorax develop; especially if you have previously experienced this condition.
PreventionThere is no known prevention, other than to decrease risk by stopping smoking.
Update Date: 10/22/2003Allen J. Blaivas, D.O., Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, University Hospital, Newark, NJ. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT