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Alternative namesBiopsy - adrenal gland
Adrenal biopsy involves the removal of a small piece of tissue from the adrenal glands for examination. The adrenal glands are part of the endocrine system and are located just above the kidneys.
How the test is performed
This is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that is most often performed laparoscopically. A laparoscope is a device that allows the physician to see the surgical area with a small camera. Laparoscopic procedures use smaller incisions than traditional open procedures.
For the biopsy you will be under general anesthesia (unconscious and pain-free). A small incision is made in the abdomen and a small sample tissue is obtained from the adrenal gland(s) and sent to a pathologist for examination.
This test most often accompanies removal of an adrenal mass or tumor (such as pheochromocytoma ).
How to prepare for the test
You should not consume any food or fluid for 8 hours before the procedure.
Infants and children:
How the test will feel
As with any minimally invasive surgery, there will be some discomfort after surgery.
Complete recovery from the procedure may take 1 to 2 weeks.
Why the test is performed
An adrenal biopsy is usually performed for pathologic examination and identification of an adrenal mass or tumor .
Normal ValuesThis test is performed only when there is an abnormality (as identified by other testing).
What abnormal results mean
Additional conditions under which the test may be performed include multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) II .
What the risks areThere is a slight risk of infection or bleeding with any invasive procedure. Call your health care provider if you notice any signs of infection (such as fever , muscle aches , or drainage from the incision site) or bleeding.
It is appropriate to consult your doctor to find a center that is experienced in laparoscopic adrenal biopsy and/or removal.
Update Date: 11/7/2002William G. Wang, M.D., Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT