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Alternative namesFacial trauma is any injury of the face and upper jaw bone.
Causes, incidence, and risk factorsBlunt or penetrating trauma can cause injury to the midface region, which includes the upper jaw (maxilla). Common causes of facial injury include:
SymptomsFindings with trauma in this region include:
Signs and testsOn physical exam:
TreatmentWhen the patient is unable to perform any normal function, or a substantial cosmetic deformity occurs, the treatment is usually surgical. Goals include:
Expectations (prognosis)Patients generally do very well with proper pre-operative workup and planning. The patient should be fore-warned that they will most likely look different from their pre- injury state and that revision surgeries may be necessary 6 to 12 months later.
ComplicationsGeneral complications include, but are not limited to:
Calling your health care providerGo to the emergency room or call the local emergency number (such as 911) if you have a severe injury to your face.
PreventionWear seat belts and use protective head gear when appropriate. Avoid triggering potentially violent confrontations with other people.
Update Date: 11/18/2002Hebe Molmenti, M.D., Ph.D., Private Practice specializing in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Baltimore, MD. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT