Please be patient! It may take up to ONE minute to load all the Engines.
Problems? Please contact our support.
Alternative namesEar infection; Infection - ear
DefinitionOtitis is any of several disorders involving infection and/or inflammation of the internal or external ear.
Causes, incidence, and risk factorsOtitis can affect the internal ear (media) or the external ear (externa). Otitis is classified according to whether it occurs suddenly and for a short time (acute) or if it occurs repeatedly or persistently over a long period of time (chronic).
Specific types of ear infection include:
SymptomsAny of the following symptoms may develop with otitis:
Signs and testsPhysical examination of the ears, with or without an instrument (otoscope), may show signs of otitis. For example, symptoms of otitis externa that may be seen during an examination include a red, painful external ear, while otitis media symptoms include redness or swelling of the eardrum.
TreatmentTreatment usually includes antibiotics or other antimicrobials, depending on the suspected cause of the infection.
Expectations (prognosis)Most types of ear infection respond readily to treatment. If there is no improvement after three days, the antibiotic regimen may need to be altered.
Calling your health care providerCall for an appointment with your health care provider if you develop symptoms of otitis.
Update Date: 1/3/2003Jonathan Fanaroff, M.D., Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT