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Pantothenic acid and biotin
Alternative namesPantothenic acid and biotin are water-soluble vitamins, which means that they cannot be stored by the body and must be replenished every day. They are used for the breakdown and utilization by the body of food and are part of the B vitamin complex.
Pantothenic acid is essential for the metabolism of food. It is essential in the synthesis of hormones and cholesterol . Cholesterol is needed by the body for the proper functioning of its cells' membranes, particularly in the brain.
Pantothenic acid and biotin are found in foods that are good sources of B vitamins, including the following:
Side EffectsThere are no known deficiencies of either pantothenic acid or biotin. Large doses of pantothenic acid do not produce symptoms other than (possibly) diarrhea . There are no known toxic symptoms associated with biotin.
RecommendationsThere are no established "recommended daily allowances" for either of these vitamins.
Update Date: 1/19/2003Steven Angelo, M.D., Assistant Professor of Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT