Please be patient! It may take up to ONE minute to load all the Engines.
Problems? Please contact our support.
Dementia due to metabolic causes
DefinitionDementia due to metabolic causes is a deterioration of mental function caused by various metabolic disorders.
Causes, incidence, and risk factorsDementia associated with metabolic disorders may cause reversible or irreversible confusion and changes in intellect or reasoning.
Metabolic causes of dementia include, but are not limited to:
Signs and testsA neurologic examination shows various abnormalities depending on the cause. Abnormal reflexes may be present.
Tests for suspected causes may include, but are not limited to:
TreatmentTreatment focuses on the cause of the disorder and controlling symptoms. Treatment of the cause may include medicines, dietary supplements, or other measures (see the specific cause). Progression of symptoms may require 24-hour monitoring and care in the home or in an institutionalized care setting.
Long-term care may includes environmental safety and control of aggression or agitated behavior through behavior modification or medications.
Expectations (prognosis)The outcome varies depending on the cause and the extent of damage to the brain.
Calling your health care providerCall your health care provider if symptoms indicating dementia may be present.
Call for an appointment if symptoms worsen or persist despite treatment of metabolic causes, or if new symptoms develop.
Go to the emergency room or call the local emergency number (such as 911) if there is a sudden change in mental status, or if there is a life-threatening emergency.
PreventionTreatment of associated disorders may reduce the risk of developing dementia due to metabolic causes.
Update Date: 5/8/2003Elaine T. Kiriakopoulos, M.D., M.Sc., Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard University, Boston, MA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT