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Gastritis - acute
Alternative namesAcute gastritis
DefinitionAcute gastritis is a sudden inflammation of the lining of the stomach.
Causes, incidence, and risk factorsCauses include medications, alcohol, ingestion of corrosive substances, extreme physiological stress, and infections. Acute gastritis is often associated with a severe, acute illness, or trauma. The risk factors include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use (NSAIDs), recent heavy alcohol use, and physiological stress such major surgery, head trauma, renal failure, liver failure, or respiratory failure.
Signs and tests
TreatmentTreatment depends on the cause of the gastritis. Antacids or other medications to decrease or neutralize gastric acid in the stomach will usually eliminate the symptoms and promote healing. Medications that cause gastritis should be discontinued. A gastric ulcer may be present, requiring treatment.
Gastritis due to stress is best treated by prevention. Medications to decrease gastric acid production such as proton pump inhibitors should be given to stressed hospital patients.
Expectations (prognosis)Most gastritis improves rapidly with treatment.
ComplicationsA complication is a severe loss of blood.
Calling your health care providerCall for an appointment with your health care provider if symptoms of gastritis persist longer than 2 or 3 days. Call your health care provider if vomiting blood or if bloody stools develop.
PreventionControl of risk factors may play a preventative role.
Update Date: 10/9/2003Christian Stone, M. D., Division of Gastroenterology, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT