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Alternative namesIcterus intermittens juvenilis; Low-grade chronic hyperbilirubinemia; Familial non-hemolytic-non-obstructive jaundice; Constitutional liver dysfunction; Unconjugated benign bilirubinemia
DefinitionGilbert's disease is a multifactorial inherited disorder that affects the way bilirubin is processed by the liver and causes jaundice .
Causes, incidence, and risk factorsGilbert's disease is common, affecting up to 10% of some Caucasian populations. The most significant symptom of this condition is jaundice. Affected individuals ordinarily have no jaundice. However, jaundice appears under conditions of exertion, stress, fasting, and infections. The condition is usually benign .
Signs and testsA serial serum indirect bilirubin shows changes consistent with Gilbert's disease.
TreatmentUsually no treatment is necessary. The focus should be on the underlying condition that caused the jaundice.
Expectations (prognosis)Jaundice may fluctuate and persist throughout the patients life but usually causes no health problems.
ComplicationsThere are usually no complications.
Calling your health care providerCall your health care provider if you have jaundice or persistent abdominal pain .
PreventionBecause this is an inherited disorder, there is no proven prevention.
Update Date: 10/9/2003Christian Stone, M. D., Division of Gastroenterology, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT