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Alternative namesSolar keratosis; Sun-induced skin changes - keratosis; Keratosis - actinic (solar)
DefinitionActinic keratosis is a precancerous skin growth usually caused by sun exposure.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Actinic keratosis occurs most commonly in fair skin, especially in the elderly and in young individuals with light complexions. The growths occur in sun-exposed skin areas. The growths begin as flat scaly areas that later develop a hard wart-like surface.
They are classified as precancerous growths. If left untreated, approximately 10% of actinic keratoses develop into squamous cell carcinoma .
Signs and testsThe health care provider bases the diagnosis on the appearance of the skin growth. A skin biopsy could reveal signs of cancerous changes, if present.
TreatmentBecause actinic keratoses represent precancerous changes, have them examined promptly, and follow the health care provider's advice for treatment.
Growths may be removed by cryotherapy (freezing), electrical cautery (burning), or surgery. Growths may also be treated with topical medications that cause peeling or skin removal.
Expectations (prognosis)By itself, actinic keratosis is benign , but it may develop into skin cancer . Removal of the growth is usually effective.
Calling your health care providerCall for an appointment with your health care provider if areas of persistent roughness or scaliness develop in sun-exposed skin.
Minimize sun exposure and protect skin from the sun. Wear protective clothing such as hats, long sleeved shirts, long skirts, or pants. Ultraviolet light is most intense midday, so try to avoid exposure during these hours.
Use high-quality sunscreens, preferably with SPF (sun protection factor) ratings of at least 15. Pick a sunscreen that blocks both UBA and UVB light. Apply sunscreen at least half an hour before exposure, and reapply frequently.
Use sunscreen for winter exposure also.
Update Date: 4/15/2003Michael Lehrer, M.D., Department of Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT