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Developmental milestones record - 5 years

Alternative names

The developmental milestones record - 5 years refers to the skills and physiologic growth markers regarded as having particular relevance for 5 year-old children.


Physical and motor:

  • First permanent teeth may begin to erupt although the majority of children do not get their first permanent teeth until age 6
  • Increased coordination
  • Skip, jump, and skate with good balance
  • Able to maintain balance while standing on one foot with eyes closed
  • Able to tie own shoelaces
  • Increased skill with simple tools and writing utensils

Sensory and cognitive:

  • Vocabulary has increased to over 2100 words
  • Readily composes sentences of 6 to 8 words
  • Can compose sentences with all parts of speech
  • Able to identify the names of coins
  • Knows the names of the primary colors and may know the names of many more
  • Questions are less superficial, addressing meaning and purpose
  • Increasingly responsible
  • Decreased aggressiveness
  • Some fears from earlier childhood are disappearing
  • Able to accept the validity of others view and perspective, but may not understand it
  • Increased mathematical skill
  • Does not hesitate to question others, including parents
  • There is a strong identification with the parent of the same sex


  • Encourage and provide the necessary space for physical activity
  • Instruct the child how to participate in and learn the rules of sporting activities
  • The child should be encouraged to play with other children in the area to help develop their socialization skills
  • Encourage creative play
  • monitor both the time and content of television viewing
  • Expose the child to different stimuli by visiting to local areas of interest

Update Date: 5/9/2002

Elizabeth Hait, M.D., Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.

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Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT