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Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Hepatitis B, Poliovirus Vaccine (Systemic)
In the U.S.-
Another commonly used name is DTaP-HepB-IPV
Diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis ( dif-THEER-ee-a and TET-niss and per-TUSS-is) vaccine (also known as DTP vaccine) combined with hepatitis B and poliovirus (hep-uh-TI-tis B and PO-lee-o-vi-rus) vaccine (also known as HepB and IPV) is a combination immunizing agent used to prevent illness caused by diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B, and poliovirus. The vaccine works by causing the body to produce its own protection (antibodies) against these diseases.
This vaccine combines five agents into one vaccine. In order to complete the series, you must get three injections of this vaccine at separate intervals. Because there are many different diseases you will need to be vaccinated against, be sure to follow your doctor's directions about your vaccination schedule.
Diphtheria is a serious illness that can cause breathing difficulties, heart problems, nerve damage, pneumonia, and possibly death. The risk of serious complications is greater in very young children and the elderly.
Tetanus (also known as lockjaw) is a very serious illness that causes seizures and severe muscle spasms that can be strong enough to cause bone fractures of the spine. The disease continues to occur almost exclusively among people who do not get vaccinated or do not have enough protection from previous vaccines.
Pertussis (also known as whooping cough) is a serious disease that causes severe spells of coughing that can interfere with breathing. Pertussis can also cause pneumonia, long lasting bronchitis, seizures, brain damage, and death.
Hepatitis B infection is a major cause of serious liver diseases including liver cancer. You get hepatitis B by being exposed to someone else's body fluids. Pregnant women can also give hepatitis B to their unborn child. People who have the virus can give it to others without them knowing it.
Polio is a very serious infection that causes paralysis of the muscles, including the muscles that enable you to walk and breathe. A polio infection may leave a person unable to breathe without the help of a breathing machine. It may also leave a person unable to walk without leg braces or being confined to a wheelchair. There is no cure for polio.
This vaccine is available in the following dosage forms:
Before Using This Medicine
In deciding to use a vaccine, the risks of taking the vaccine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For DTaP-HepB-IPV vaccine, the following should be considered:
Allergies- Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to diphtheria toxoid, tetanus toxoid, pertussis vaccine, DTP vaccine, hepatitis B vaccine, or polio vaccine. Also tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to any other substances, such as thimerosal, neomycin, polymyxin B, yeast, or other preservatives.
Pregnancy- Adequate and well controlled studies in pregnant humans have not been done. DTaP-HepB-IPV should not be given to women of child bearing age. It is not known whether DTaP-HepB-IPV can cause harm to the fetus if given to a pregnant woman or if it can cause problems with the ability to have children. Make sure your doctor knows if you are pregnant or if you may become pregnant.
Breast-feeding- It is not known whether DTaP-HepB-IPV vaccine passes into breast milk. Mothers who get this vaccine and who are breast feeding should discuss this with your doctor
Children- Safety and effectiveness have not been established in children younger than six weeks of age. This vaccine is also not recommended for children over seven years of age.
Older adults- DTaP-HepB-IPV is not approved for use in older adults.
Other medicines- Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your health care professional if you are using any other prescription or nonprescription [OTC] medicine, especially:
Other medical problems- The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of DTaP-HepB-IPV vaccine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
Proper Use of This Medicine
The following information includes only the average doses of DTaP-HepB-IPV.
Precautions While Using This Medicine
It is very important that your doctor check you at regular visits. Be sure to notify your doctor or clinic of any side effects that occur after you have received the vaccination. It is very important that you return to your doctor for the next dose in the series.
Side Effects of This Medicine
Side Effects of This Vaccine
Along with its needed effects, a vaccine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention. It is very important that you tell your doctor about any side effect that occurs after a dose of DTaP-HepB-IPV vaccine , even if the side effect goes away without treatment. Some types of side effects may mean that your child should not receive any more doses of DTaP-HepB-IPV vaccine.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:
Other side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. However, check with your doctor if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome.
Other side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:
Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your doctor.
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT