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Rabies Immune Globulin (Systemic)
In the U.S.-
Other commonly used names are HRIG; RIG.
Rabies immune globulin (RAY-beez im-MUNE GLOB-yoo-lin) is used along with rabies vaccine to prevent infection caused by the rabies virus. Rabies immune globulin works by giving your body the antibodies it needs to protect it against the rabies virus. This is called passive protection. This passive protection lasts long enough to protect your body until your body can produce its own antibodies against the rabies virus.
Rabies immune globulin is given to persons who have been exposed (for example, by a bite, scratch, or lick) to an animal that is known, or thought, to have rabies. This is called post-exposure prophylaxis. Rabies immune globulin is used only in persons who have never before received the rabies vaccine.
Rabies infection is a serious, and often fatal, infection. In the U.S., rabies in wild animals, especially raccoons, skunks, and bats, accounts for most cases of rabies passed on to humans, pets, and other domestic animals. In Canada, the animals most often infected with rabies are foxes, skunks, bats, dogs, and cats. Horses, swine, and cattle also have been known to become infected with rabies. In much of the rest of the world, including Latin America, Africa, and Asia, dogs account for most cases of rabies passed on to humans.
If you are being (or will be) treated for a possible rabies infection while traveling outside of the U.S. or Canada, contact your doctor as soon as you return to the U.S. or Canada, since it may be necessary for you to have additional treatment.
Rabies immune globulin is to be administered only by or under the supervision of your doctor or other health care professional. It is available in the following dosage form:
Before Using This Medicine
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of using the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For rabies immune globulin, the following should be considered:
Allergies- Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to rabies immune globulin or any other kind of human immune globulin. Also tell your health care professional if you are allergic to any other substances, such as foods, thimerosal or other preservatives, or dyes.
Pregnancy- Studies on effects in pregnancy have not been done in either humans or animals. However, the use of rabies immune globulin in pregnant women has not been reported to cause problems.
Breast-feeding- Rabies immune globulin has not been reported to cause problems in nursing babies.
Children- Although there is no specific information comparing use of rabies immune globulin in children with use in other age groups, this medicine is not expected to cause different side effects or problems in children than it does in adults.
Older adults- Many medicines have not been studied specifically in older people. Therefore, it may not be known whether they work exactly the same way they do in younger adults or if they cause different side effects or problems in older people. There is no specific information comparing use of rabies immune globulin in the elderly with use in other age groups.
Other medical problems- The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of rabies immune globulin. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
Proper Use of This Medicine
The dose of rabies immune globulin will be different for different patients. The following information includes only the average dose of rabies immune globulin.
Side Effects of This Medicine
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. The following side effects may occur, but usually do not need medical attention.
However, check with your doctor if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome:
Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your doctor.
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT