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Other drug names: A-Am An-Az B C-Ch Ci-Cz D-Dh Di-Dz E F G H I-J K-L M-Mh Mi-Mz N-Nh Ni-Nz O P-Pl Pm-Pz Q-R S-Sn So-Sz T-To Tp-Tz U-V W-Z 0-9   

Oxcarbazepine

Why is this medication prescribed?

Oxcarbazepine is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat certain types of seizures in the treatment of epilepsy. Oxcarbazepine is in a class of drugs called antiepileptics. It works by blocking the effects of substances in the brain that may cause seizures.

This medication is sometimes prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

How should this medicine be used?

Oxcarbazepine comes as a tablet to take by mouth. It usually is taken twice a day, with or without food. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take oxcarbazepine exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.

Oxcarbazepine controls seizures but does not cure them. Continue to take oxcarbazepine even if you feel well. Do not stop taking oxcarbazepine without talking to your doctor, especially if you have taken large doses for a long time. Abruptly stopping the drug can cause seizures. Your doctor probably will decrease your dose gradually. This drug must be taken regularly for a few weeks before its full effect is felt.

Other uses for this medicine

Oxcarbazepine is used occasionally to treat anxiety. Talk to your doctor about the possible risks of using this drug for your condition.

What special precautions should I follow?

Before taking oxcarbazepine:

  • tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to oxcarbazepine, carbamazepine (Depitol, Epitol, Tegretol), or any other drugs.
  • tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and nonprescription drugs you are taking, especially amlodipine (Norvasc), bepridil (Vascor), carbamazepine (Depitol, Epitol, Tegretol), felodipine (Plendil), isradipine (DynaCirc), other medications for seizures, nicardipine (Cardene), nifedipine (Procardia), nimodipine (Nimotop), oral contraceptives, phenytoin (Dilantin), sedatives such as phenobarbital, valproic acid (Depakene, Depakote), and verapamil (Calan, Isoptin). Oxcarbazepine affects the action of other medications, and many medications can affect the action of oxcarbazepine. Tell your doctor and pharmacist everything you are taking.
  • tell your doctor if you have or have ever had kidney disease or been told that you have below-normal levels of sodium in your blood.
  • If you are using oral contraceptives to prevent pregnancy, you should be aware that oxcarbazepine may affect the effectiveness of oral contraceptives. You should use two forms of birth control while taking oxcarbazepine. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information. If your period is irregular, late, or you miss a period during treatment with oxcarbazapine, call your doctor immediately.
  • tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding. If you become pregnant while taking oxcarbazepine, call your doctor immediately.
  • you should know that this drug may make you drowsy. Do not drive a car or operate machinery until you know how this drug affects you.
  • remember alcohol can add to the drowsiness caused by this drug.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Although side effects from oxcarbazepine are not common, they can occur. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:

  • dizziness
  • drowsiness
  • headache
  • vision changes
  • double vision
  • excessive tiredness
  • upset stomach
  • vomiting
  • stomach pain
  • tremors
  • difficulty coordinating movements
  • speech problems
  • nervousness
  • difficulty concentrating
  • confusion

If you experience any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately:

  • red, itchy skin rash
  • seizures
  • shortness of breath
  • rash with fever, swollen lymph nodes, and joint pain

Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom). Throw away any medication that is outdated or no longer needed. Talk to your pharmacist about the proper disposal of your medication.

In case of emergency/overdose

In case of overdose, call your local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. If the victim has collapsed or is not breathing, call local emergency services at 911.

What other information should I know?

Call your doctor if you continue to have seizures or convulsions while taking this medication.If you give this drug to a child, observe and keep a record of the child's moods, behavior, attention span, hand-eye coordination, and ability to solve problems and perform tasks requiring thought. Ask the child's teacher to keep a similar record. This information can help the child's doctor determine whether to continue the drug or to change the dose or drug.

You should wear or carry identification jewelry or cards indicating medication use and epilepsy.

Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory. Your doctor will order certain lab tests to check your response to oxcarbazepine.

Do not let anyone else take your medication. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about refilling your prescription.

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Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT
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