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Morphine Oral and Rectal
Why is this medication prescribed?
Morphine is used to relieve moderate to severe pain. Morphine is in a class of medications called opioid analgesics. It works by affecting the way the body senses pain.
How should this medicine be used?
Morphine comes as a tablet, a capsule, a liquid, a controlled- or extended-release (long-acting) tablet, and a sustained-release (long-acting) capsule, all to take by mouth. It also comes as a suppository to insert rectally. The regular tablet, regular capsule, liquid, and suppository usually are taken every 4 hours as needed. The controlled- or extended-release tablet is taken every 8-12 hours as needed. The sustained-release capsule is taken once or twice a day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand.
Swallow the long-acting tablets and capsules whole; do not split, chew, or crush them. You may open the sustained-release capsules and sprinkle the entire contents on a small amount of applesauce immediately before eating. Do not chew, crush, or dissolve the pellets inside the capsules.
Shake the liquid well before measuring a dose. Ask your pharmacist for a specially marked measuring spoon so that you can easily measure a dose of the liquid.
To insert a morphine suppository rectally, follow these steps:
Take morphine exactly as directed. Morphine can be habit-forming. Do not take more of it, take it more often, or take it for longer than your doctor tells you to.
Other uses for this medicine
This medication is sometimes prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
What special precautions should I follow?
Before taking morphine,
What should I do if I forget a dose?
Morphine usually is taken as needed. If your doctor has told you to take morphine regularly, take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one.
What side effects can this medication cause?
Although side effects from morphine are not common, they can occur. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:
If you experience either of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately:
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom). Throw away any medication that is outdated or no longer needed. Talk to your pharmacist about the proper disposal of your medication.
In case of emergency/overdose
In case of overdose, call your local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. If the victim has collapsed or is not breathing, call local emergency services at 911.
What other information should I know?
Keep all appointments with your doctor.
Do not let anyone else take your medication. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about refilling your prescription.
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT